Hebrews 2: 1-18
The audience of Hebrews was the born again Jewish Christians, with a background of Judaism. They believed in Moses, the Law, traditions, and regulations. They believed that angels gave the Law of God to Moses. The Law was only a foreshadow of Jesus Christ. These Messianic Jewish believers found it difficult to dissociate themselves from Judaism, law, traditions, regulations, religiosity, and the exaltation of angels.
VV 1-4, 1Therefore we must give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away. 2 For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just reward, 3 how shall we escape if we neglect so great a salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by those who heard Him, 4 God also bearing witness both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His own will?
Paul warned the Jewish believers to listen carefully and anchor these truths securely otherwise they may drift back to Judaism again. If breaking the law of Moses spoken through angels brought judgment, wouldn’t the rejection of salvation spoken through the Lord bring even more severe judgment? The Lord spoke the message of salvation, the apostles preached it, and God confirmed it by signs, wonders, miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His will.
VV 5-9, 5 For He has not put the world to come, of which we speak, in subjection to angels. 6 But one testified in a certain place, saying: “What is man that You are mindful of him, Or the son of man that You take care of him? 7 You have made him a little lower than the angels; You have crowned him with glory and honor, And set him over the works of Your hands.8 You have put all things in subjection under his feet.” For in that He put all in subjection under him, He left nothing that is not put under him. But now we do not yet see all things put under him. 9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone.
God did not give angels dominion over the world. The author quoted Psalm 8: 4-5, “ What is man that You are mindful of him, And the son of man that You visit him? For You have made him a little lower than the angels, And You have crowned him with glory and honor”. Compared to the whole universe, a man is less than even a tiny little speck of dust, and but God still crowned him with glory and honor. God gave man dominion over the world even though man is lower than the angel, but Adam sinned and handed the dominion of the world over to satan. Jesus came to take this back. As a man, Jesus is lower than an angel. Jesus died on the cross, taking the cup of God’s wrath upon Himself and paid the penalty of sin for us.
V 10 For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
Jesus the creator of all things is our captain. He walked with us, He suffered with us, He saved us. He is the captain and the shepherd of our soul.
V 11-12, 11 For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren, 12 saying: “I will declare Your name to My brethren; In the midst of the assembly I will sing praise to You.”
Jesus identified with us and was not ashamed to call us brothers and sisters. When we worship as a congregation, He is in the midst of us as a worshiper singing praises to the Father with us. Matthew 18:20, “For where two or three gather in my name, there am I with them.”
VV 13-15, 13 And again: “I will put My trust in Him.” And again: “Here am I and the children whom God has given Me.” 14 Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 15 and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
The author quoted Isaiah 8:18, “Here am I, and the children the LORD has given me’.’ Jesus identified as one of us, as our captain. He identified as one with us singing praises to the Father along with us. He identified as one who saved us, dying for us conquering death, releasing us from the fear and bondage to death. 2 Cor 5:21, “God made him who had no sin to be sin for us so that in him we might become the righteousness of Gods.
VV 16-18, 16 For indeed He does not give aid to angels, but He does give aid to the seed of Abraham. 17 Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 18 For in that He Himself has suffered, being tempted, He is able to aid those who are tempted.
Jesus did not take on the nature of an angel. He took on the nature of man as a seed of Abraham. He became like a brother to us, our merciful High Priest, the “mercy seat” of the ark of the covenant to cover over our sins. Jesus identified with our suffering because He Himself had suffered. Jesus identified with our temptations because He Himself was tempted.