Hebrews 3: 1-19
In Hebrews 2, the author argued that Jesus was superior to the angels although He was made for a season lower than the angels. In Hebrew 3, the author argued that Jesus was superior to Moses.
VV 1-6, 1Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus, 2 who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house. 3 For this One has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as He who built the house has more honor than the house. 4 For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God. 5 And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward,6 but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.
Moses did a great job as a faithful servant of God’s house. Moses led the people out of Egypt but could not take the people into the promised land. Jesus is the maker, creator, and Son of God’s house. A Son is superior to a servant. We are God’s house only if we believe in the good news of the gospel. If do not believe this, then there is no guarantee.
VV 7-11, 7 Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: “Today, if you will hear His voice, 8 Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, In the day of trial in the wilderness, 9 Where your fathers tested Me, tried Me, And saw My works forty years. 10 Therefore I was angry with that generation, And said, ‘They always go astray in their heart, And they have not known My ways.’ 11 So I swore in My wrath, ‘They shall not enter My rest.’ ”
The author quoted Psalm 95:8-11, “Today if only you would hear his voice, “Do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the wilderness, where your ancestors tested me; they tried me, though they had seen what I did. For forty years I was angry with that generation; I said, ‘They are a people whose hearts go astray, and they have not known my ways.’So I declared on oath in my anger,
‘They shall never enter my rest.’”
Their forefathers and Moses did not enter the promised land because of unbelief. In number 13, Moses sent out 12 spies into the promised land. They came back and reported giants in the land, saying that they were like grasshoppers. Joshua and Caleb were confident to go in and possess the land, but the other 10 spies convinced the people not to enter the land. They did not believe that God was bigger than the giants. The whole generation died except Joshua and Caleb. Even Moses, their hero did not enter the land as he misrepresented God but hitting the rock instead of speaking to the rock.
Numbers 13:33, “We saw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anak come from the Nephilim). We seemed like grasshoppers in our own eyes, and we looked the same to them.”
Numbers 20:11,” Then Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock twice with his rod, and water came forth abundantly, and the congregation and their beasts drank”.
VV 12-15, 12 Beware, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God; 13 but exhort one another daily, while it is called “Today,” lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. 14 For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end, 15 while it is said: “Today if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.”
The author cautioned the Jewish Christians not to harden their hearts to the living God as their forefathers did in the wilderness.
VV 16-19, 16 For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses? 17 Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness? 18 And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who did not obey? 19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
All Jews that came out of Egypt, except Joshua and Caleb, died in the wilderness. They could not enter into the promised land because they did not believe in God’s promise. Many Christians today are in the wilderness unable to enter into the abundant spirit-filled life due to the sin of unbelief. It is not due to a lack of piety, idolatry, immorality, bible study, daily devotion, and so on. It is the grasshopper mentality that will keep Christians out of the promised land. God can bless us in countless ways if we believe that God will do what He promised. The only thing that is needed is faith in Jesus.