Revelation 21:1-27, a new heaven and a new earth.
VV 1-3, 1 Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also, there was no more sea. 2 Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God.
The millennial kingdom has ended and the great white throne judgment is over. John saw a vision of a new world. Rev. 21: 2-8 described the new world. Rev 21: 9-27 described the new Jerusalem. There is no more sea in the new world. The new Jerusalem is suspended between heaven and earth. God will dwell with Christians, in a face to face relationship.
VV 4-5, 4 And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.” 5 Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all things new.” And He said to me, “Write, for these words are true and faithful.”
There will be no grief, sorrow, pain, and death in the new world. Isaiah 65:17, “Look! I am creating new heavens and a new earth, and no one will even think about the old ones anymore”.
VV 6-8, 6 And He said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts. 7 He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son. 8 But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”
The new world is completed, designed perfectly by the Christ, the alpha and the omega, the beginning and the end. Water is freely available. Christians will inherit all things. Christians will be sons and daughters of God. Unbelievers, evil, and wicked people will be excluded from the new world.
VV 9-11, 9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.” 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal.
The new Jerusalem is a glorious and spectacular city, lighted up by the glory of God, like a jasper stone. The Greek word for jasper is “iaspis”. Many scholars believed that “iaspis” means diamond.
VV 12-14, 12 Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 13 three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. 14 Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
The new Jerusalem has 12 gates, guarded by 12 angels, with the names of the 12 tribes of Israel written on each gate. The wall of the city had 12 foundations, with the names of the 12 apostles on each one. The church is built on the foundations of the 12 apostles and Christ is the chief cornerstone. Ephesians 2: 19-22, “Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, in whom the whole building, being fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit.
The names of the 12 tribes of Israel and the 12 apostles remind us that we are Gentiles grafted into the true olive tree Israel, as a wild olive branch. Romans 11:17, “And if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree”.
VV 15-17, 15 And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. 17 Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel.
The new Jerusalem is a cube 1,500 miles long, 1,500 miles wide, and 1,500 miles high. (12,000 furlongs is 1500 miles). The height of the wall is 216 feet.
VV 18-21, 18 The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.
The wall is made with jasper or diamond. The city is made with pure gold. The 12 foundations of the 12 walls are decorated with 12 precious stones. The 12 gates are made of 12 individual pearls. The streets are lined with gold.
VV 22-27, 22 But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. 24 And the nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it. 25 Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there). 26 And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it. 27 But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.
There is no temple in the new Jerusalem. God, the Father, and Jesus, the Lamb, are its temple. The city is illuminated by the glory of God and the Lamb. The gates are opened 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Only those written in the Lamb’s Book of Life can enter the new Jerusalem.