1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Lesson 5

Lesson 5


1 Timothy 4: 1-16, warning on apostasy, teach sound doctrines, exercise spiritual gifts.

V V 1-4, 1 Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons, 2 speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron, 3 forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. 4 For every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be refused if it is received with thanksgiving; 5 for it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

Greek for depart from the faith is “apostasia”, which means apostasy. In the last days, some Christians will become apostate, believing in demonic spirits, doctrines, and lies with hypocrisy and hardened conscience. These heretic teachers prohibited marriage and abstention of certain foods against the teaching of biblical truth.

VV 6-11, 6 If you instruct the brethren in these things, you will be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished in the words of faith and of the good doctrine which you have carefully followed. 7 But reject profane and old wives’ fables, and exercise yourself toward godliness. 8 For bodily exercise profits a little, but godliness is profitable for all things, having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come. 9 This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance. 10 For to this end we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially of those who believe. 11 These things command and teach.

Paul instructed Timothy as a minister of Christ, to nourish Christians with sound doctrines based on biblical truth, rejecting myths and old wives’ tales. Physical exercise is good for physical health but the advantage is temporal. Spiritual exercise is good for spiritual health and the advantage is eternal. To this end, Paul labored and suffered persecutions. God is a living God and Savior of all people who believe.

VV 12-16, 12 Let no one despise your youth, but be an example to the believers in word, in conduct, in love, in spirit, in faith, in purity. 13 Till I come, give attention to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. 14 Do not neglect the gift that is in you, which was given to you by prophecy with the laying on of the hands of the eldership. 15 Meditate on these things; give yourself entirely to them, that your progress may be evident to all. 16 Take heed to yourself and to the doctrine. Continue in them, for in doing this you will save both yourself and those who hear you.

Paul encouraged Timothy not to feel inferior because of his youth, and to be a role model for Christians through good conduct, love, spirituality, faithfulness, and purity of heart. Paul instructed Timothy to read, study, encourage, teach the word of truth, and exercise spiritual gifts imparted to him by the elders through the laying of hands. Timothy was to meditate on scriptures and teach the doctrines to save himself and those who heard him.


What happened in first-century Israel also happened today. Many Christians will fall away from the faith because of the teachings of heretic doctrines. The only way to discern heretic doctrines is to be biblically literate. This can only be done by spending time studying scripture diligently and regularly. The Bible has 1189 chapters. By reading 4 chapters a day, you should have read the Bible in 300 days. I will encourage that you start now. If you are biblically literate, no one can deceive you


Heavenly Father, we acknowledged that You are Lord, God, Almighty. We confessed that we are sinners saved by grace. We thank You for all that You have done for us in our lives. We pray for protection from the coronavirus pandemic. We pray that You will end this pestilence, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, lesson 4

Lesson 4


Heavenly Father, we pray for the anointing of the Holy Spirit to help us in the exegesis and hermeneutics of scripture. We pray for wisdom in unlocking the meaning of controversial and difficult passages, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Timothy 3: 1-16, criteria for selecting overseers and deacons

VV 1-7, 1 This is a faithful saying: If a man desires the position of a bishop, he desires a good work. 2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, temperate, sober-minded, of good behavior, hospitable, able to teach; 3 not given to wine, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous; 4 one who rules his own house well, having his children in submission with all reverence 5 (for if a man does not know how to rule his own house, how will he take care of the church of God?); 6 not a novice, lest being puffed up with pride he fall into the same condemnation as the devil. 7 Moreover he must have a good testimony among those who are outside, lest he falls into reproach and the snare of the devil.

Greek for bishop is “episcopos”, which means overseer. A bishop must have a desire for the position. Greek for sober-minded is ‘’nepho”, which means not intoxicated by wine. Paul spelled out the criteria required for selecting a bishop. He must be without reproach, monogamous, self-controlled, not intoxicated by wine, of good character, hospitable, has teaching capability, gentle, abstain from wine, not violent, not money greedy, and not covetous. He must show good family leadership with children with good character. He must have a good testimony among non-believers and must not be a novice in the Christian faith.

VV 8-13, 8 Likewise deacons must be reverent, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy for money, 9 holding the mystery of the faith with a pure conscience. 10 But let these also first be tested; then let them serve as deacons, being found blameless. 11 Likewise, their wives must be reverent, not slanderers, temperate, faithful in all things. 12 Let deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. 13 For those who have served well as deacons obtain for themselves a good standing and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.

Greek for deacon is “diakonos”, which means servant. Greek for a double tongue is “dilogos”, which means deceitful. Greek for slanderer is “diabolos”, which means backbiter. Paul listed out the criteria for selecting a deacon. He must be respectable, not deceitful, not a drunkard, not money greedy, and has a pure conscience. Their wives must be respectable, not a backbiter, self-controlled, and faithful. Deacons must be monogamous and had raised their families beyond reproach.

VV 14-16, 14 These things I write to you, though I hope to come to you shortly; 15 but if I am delayed, I write so that you may know how you ought to conduct yourself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth. 16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, Justified in the Spirit, Seen by angels, Preached among the Gentiles, Believed on in the world, Received up in glory.

Paul hoped to visit Timothy soon. Paul encouraged Timothy to conduct himself above reproach in godliness in the church of the living God. Jesus is God manifested in the flesh through incarnation. He is justified by the Holy Spirit, seen by angels, preached to the Gentiles, believed by the world, and ascended to heaven in glory.


Paul spelled out the criteria for selecting bishops and deacons. Congregations should follow these criteria when selecting these leadership positions. These criteria are very strict but had to be followed. We are to conduct ourselves above reproach in godliness. Jesus is God manifested in the flesh, fully God and fully man. He died, buried, resurrected, glorified, ascended to heaven, and will return to earth again in His second coming.


Heavenly Father, thank You for spelling out the criteria for selecting bishops and deacons of the church. We pray for divine enablement to live godly lives beyond reproach as we await the second coming of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Lesson 3

Lesson 3

1 Timothy 2: 1-15, instruction on prayers, world evangelism, and Christian conduct

VV 1-4, 1 Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men, 2 for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence. 3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, 4 who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

Prayers should be offered for all people, including kings and leaders in authority so that there will be peace, reverence for God, and godliness in the community. There are four kinds of prayers, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgiving. Greek for supplication is “enteuxis”, which means a specific request concerning a person’s own needs. Greek for prayer is “proseuchomai”, which means a general request. Greek for intercession is “entygchano”, whichmeans a specific request concerning the needs of others. Greek for thanksgiving is “eucharistia”, which means gratitude. God desires world evangelism and salvation for all people.

VV 5-7, 5 For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time, 7 for which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle, I am speaking the truth in Christ and not lying, a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth.

There is one God and Jesus Christ is the mediator between God and people. On the cross of Calvary, Christ had removed the wall that separated God from people. We can come to God with boldness and confidence through the blood of Christ and in the name of Christ. We do not need to go before a human high priest to confess our sins.

Greek for ransom is”lutron”, which means a payment to procure freedom for a slave. Christ gave Himself as payment to procure our freedom from slavery to sin by dying on the cross as the perfect Lamb of God. Paul preached and taught the truth of the Gospel of Christ to the Gentiles.

V 8, I desire therefore that the men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting;

Greek for holy is “osious”, which means godly, pious, or righteous. Greek for wrath is “orges” which means anger. The posture of prayer is raising righteous and faithful hands in surrender and submission to God.

VV 9-15, 9 in like manner also, that the women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with propriety and moderation, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly clothing, 10 but, which is proper for women professing godliness, with good works. 11 Let a woman learn in silence with all submission. 12 And I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man, but to be in silence.

Women should dress modestly and in moderation avoiding extensive make-up, wearing expensive clothes and jewellery. The women should submit to men’s authority in public places of worship. Paul’s prohibition for a woman to teach in the church is not a universal command for all people of all times. This is a cultural command for first-century Israel when women were not educated. In that culture, it was appropriate for women not to teach or lead a congregation. Today women are educated and knowledgeable in every profession and this prohibition does not apply. Society and culture in first-century Israel were not the same as our modern 21st-century world.

VV 13-15, 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived fell into transgression. 15 Nevertheless she will be saved in childbearing if they continue in faith, love, and holiness, with self-control.

God created Adam first, not Eve. Satan deceived Eve, not Adam. This is an allusion to Genesis 3:15.

Genesis 3:15, To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor, you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”


We are to pray with supplication, for our own needs, pray generally for all needs, intercede for other people’s needs out of a heart of gratitude to God in an appropriate posture of submission. We are to evangelize to others in response to the great commission. Women are to dress modestly in public places of worship. Prohibition for women to teach or lead in church no longer applies to the 21st-century world.


Heavenly Father, thank You for instructions on prayer, evangelism, and Christian conduct in worship. We pray for the anointing of the Holy Spirit, and divine enablement to share the gospel of Christ to our family, relatives, friends, and contacts. Help us to apply scripture into our daily lives, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus

Lesson 2


1 Timothy 1: 1-20, salutation, warning about false teachers

VV 1-2, 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the commandment of God our Savior and the Lord Jesus Christ, our hope, 2 To Timothy, a true son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.

Paul called was an apostle authorized by God and the Lord Jesus Christ. Greek for apostle is “apostolos”, which means ambassador or emissary. Greek for commandment is “epitage”, which means authority. Paul was an ambassador of Christ, our Savior, and hope, by the authority of God. Paul wrote this epistle to Timothy, his protege, and spiritual son in the faith. He pronounced to Timothy a blessing of grace, mercy, and peace from God, our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ, our Lord.

VV 3-4, 3 As I urged you when I went into Macedonia, remain in Ephesus that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, 4 nor give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which cause disputes rather than godly edification which is in faith.

When Paul was in Macedonia, he encouraged Timothy to stay back in Ephesus because false teachers had infiltrated the Ephesian church with false doctrines, myths, and disputable genealogies.

VV 5-7, 5 Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience, and from sincere faith, 6 from which some, having strayed, have turned aside to idle talk, 7 desiring to be teachers of the law, understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm.

Paul encouraged Timothy to love with a pure heart, good conscience, and sincere faith. Paul warned Timothy about legalistic teachers who were ignorant of the law.

VV 8-11, 8 But we know that the law is good if one uses it lawfully, 9 knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous person, but for the lawless and insubordinate, for the ungodly and for sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 10 for fornicators, for sodomites, for kidnappers, for liars, for perjurers, and if there is any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine, 11 according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God which was committed to my trust.

The law is good but people are carnal and could not keep the law. The law was not made for the righteous but for sinners, murderers, sexual perverts, kidnappers, liars, etc. The law points to people that they are sinners who need a Saviour. The law is a mirror that reflects and reveals sin. The law is a schoolmaster to point people to Christ.

VV 12-14, 12 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord who has enabled me, because He counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry, 13 although I was formerly a blasphemer, a persecutor, and an insolent man; but I obtained mercy because I did it ignorantly in unbelief. 14 And the grace of our Lord was exceedingly abundant, with faith and love which are in Christ Jesus.

Greek for insolent is “hubrizo”, which means violent. Paul thank the Lord for His superabundant love, mercy, and grace to appoint him as an apostle even though he was once a blasphemer, a persecutor of Christians, and a violent man.

VV 15-17, 15 This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief. 16 However, for this reason, I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show all longsuffering, as a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him for everlasting life. 17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to God who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.

Christ came to earth to save sinners by grace and through faith. Paul called himself the chief of sinners. Greek for long-suffering is “makrothumia”, which means patience, Christ is a God of love, grace, mercy, and patience. In doxology, Paul proclaimed Christ as the eternal King, who is immortal, invisible, wise, honorable, and glorious.

VV 18-20, 18 This charge I commit to you, son Timothy, according to the prophecies previously made concerning you, that by them you may wage the good warfare, 19 having faith and a good conscience, which some having rejected, concerning the faith have suffered shipwreck, 20 of whom are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I delivered to Satan that they may learn not to blaspheme.

Greek for charge is “paragello”, which means a military order. Paul ordered Timothy to fight the good fight against false teachers with faith and a good conscience. Paul singled out two false teachers and blasphemers by name, Hymenaeus and Alexander.


Paul’s instructions to Timothy also apply to us. We are encouraged to love with a pure heart, good conscience, and sincere faith. We are to discern and reject false doctrines and false teachers by having a good basic knowledge of scripture. We shall know the truth by studying scripture diligently and the truth shall set us free from deception. Christ came to earth to save sinners by grace through faith in Him.


Heavenly Father, thank You for the timeless truth of Your Word that transcends time, culture, geography, race, and history. We pray for Your Word to be deeply imprinted into our hearts. We pray for divine enablement for understanding and application, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus

Lesson 1



Heavenly Father, we acknowledged that You are Almighty God, God of creation, God of salvation, God of redemption, and God of reconciliation. We pray for divine inspiration, understanding, insight, and enablement to understand and apply Your Word, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Author, Place, Date, Purpose, and Recipient

Paul wrote a personal letter to Timothy to encourage, warn, and instruct him. He penned this letter from Macedonia between 62 to 64 after released from his first Romans imprisonment. Timothy was Paul’s protege, spiritual god-son, and pastor of the Ephesian church.

This is one of three pastoral epistles, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus. Ephesus was a Roman port city in Asia Minor and was home to the temple of Diana or Artemis. False teachers who prohibited marriage and eating of certain foods had infiltrated the Ephesian church.


Some of the themes are false doctrines, holiness, godliness, prayer, world evangelism, Christian conduct in worship, qualifications of church leaders, and Christian relationships.


1: 1-20, Salutation, warning about false teachers

2:1- 2:16, Prayers, evangelism, Christian conduct during worship

3:1-14, Qualifications of overseers and deacons

4: 1-16, warning about false teachers, Instructions for Timothy

5:1-25, Instructions for the church, part 1

6:1-21, Instructions for the church, part 2


Paul’s warnings and instructions to Timothy and the Ephesian church apply to us. We are to reject false teachers, pray, evangelize, and conduct ourselves properly in church worship. We are to adhere to the criteria for choosing church leaders as spelled out by Paul.


Heavenly Father, thank You that we can study the epistle of 1 Timothy. Open our eyes and ears as we open up holy scriptures. Open our understanding to explore the riches of Your word. We pray for insight into controversial passages, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

2 Thessalonians, lesson 10

Lesson 10


Heavenly Father, we pray for You to unlock Holy Scripture for our understanding into the mystery of Your second coming. Correct, convict, train, teach, transform, and renew us in righteousness, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

2 Thessalonians 3: 1-18, prayer, injunction, doxology, benediction.

VV 1-2, 1 Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may run swiftly and be glorified, just as it is with you, 2 and that we may be delivered from unreasonable and wicked men; for not all have faith.

Finally, Paul and his co-workers requested prayer from his audience, for the gospel to be communicated speedily and for protection against unreasonable and wicked people.

VV 3-5, 3 But the Lord is faithful, who will establish you and guard you from the evil one. 4 And we have confidence in the Lord concerning you, both that you do and will do the things we command you. 5 Now may the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God and into the patience of Christ.

Paul prayed for the Lord to establish them in the faith and protect them from the evil one. Paul prayed for the Lord to direct their hearts into the love of God and the patience of Christ.

VV 6-9, 6 But we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you withdraw from every brother who walks disorderly and not according to the tradition which he received from us. 7 For you yourselves know how you ought to follow us, for we were not disorderly among you; 8 nor did we eat anyone’s bread free of charge, but worked with labor and toil night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you, 9 not because we do not have authority, but to make ourselves an example of how you should follow us.

Paul commanded them to withdraw fellowship from disruptive and disorderly people. Paul reminded them that they did not take advantage of their kindness over money matters. Paul and his co-workers but supported themselves financially by working day and night.

VV 10-12, 10 For even when we were with you, we commanded you this: If anyone will not work, neither shall he eat. 11 For we hear that there are some who walk among you in a disorderly manner, not working at all, but are busybodies. 12 Now those who are such we command and exhort through our Lord Jesus Christ that they work in quietness and eat their own bread.

Paul commanded those who were lazy to work and be self-sufficient. Paul rebuked those who were disruptive, disorderly, lazy, jobless, and busy interfering with other people’s business. Paul commanded these people to get a job, earn a living, be self-sufficient, and mind their own business.

VV 13-15, 13 But as for you, brethren, do not grow weary in doing good. 14 And if anyone does not obey our word in this epistle, note that person and do not keep company with him, that he may be ashamed. 15 Yet do not count him as an enemy but admonish him as a brother.

Paul commanded them to do good to others and withdraw fellowship from those who were disobedient to his teachings but not to the extent of ex-communication.

VV 16-18, 16 Now may the Lord of peace Himself give you peace always in every way. The Lord be with you all. 17 The salutation of Paul with my own hand, which is a sign in every epistle; so I write. 18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

In his closing doxology and benediction, Paul prayed for the Thessalonian Christians to experience the peace and presence of the Lord. Paul confirmed writing this epistle with his own handwriting. He pronounced a blessing of grace to them.


Paul’s prayers and injunctions to his audience also apply to us. We are not to be disruptive, disorderly, lazy, or busybodies. We are to be gainfully employed, self-sufficient, and mind our own business.


Heavenly Father, thank You for giving us insight into Holy Scripture. Thank You for unlocking difficult and controversial passages for us. Thank You for journeying with us through Paul’s epistle into 1 and 2 Thessalonians. Thank You for the blessings, in Jesus’ name, Amen.