Genesis chapter 5

Chapter 5, Genesis 5: 1-32, Genealogy from Adam to Noah

Genesis Chapter 5 traced the genealogy from Adam through Seth all the way to Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Verses 1-5, 1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, he made him in God’s likeness. 2 He created them male and female, and blessed them. On the day they were created, he named them Adam. 3 Adam lived one hundred thirty years, and became the father of a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth. 4 The days of Adam after he became the father of Seth were eight hundred years, and he became the father of other sons and daughters. 5 All the days that Adam lived were nine hundred thirty years, then he died.

This is the second time, the word generations or genealogy was used, compare Genesis 2:4. This is the record of the genealogy from Adam to Noah. God created Adam in His own image. He created Adam and Eve and blessed them. When Adam was 130 years old, he had a son called Seth. Adam died at the age of 930 years. From now on, there would be a series of death. The wages of sin is death, Romans 6:23. Everyone died except Enoch. Everyone died before reaching 1000 years of age. By God’s reckoning, 1000 years is as 1 day and 1 day is as 1000 years. By God’s reckoning, everyone died before 1 day.

2 Peter 3:8, “But don’t forget this one thing, beloved, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day.”

Verses 6-8, 6 Seth lived one hundred five years, then became the father of Enosh. 7 Seth lived after he became the father of Enosh eight hundred seven years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 8 All of the days of Seth were nine hundred twelve years, then he died.

Seth fathered a son called Enosh at the age of 105. He lived 912 years and died.

Verses 9-11, 9 Enosh lived ninety years and became the father of Kenan. 10 Enosh lived after he became the father of Kenan eight hundred fifteen years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 11 All of the days of Enosh were nine hundred five years, then he died.

Enosh fathered a son called Kenan at the age of 90. He died t the age of 105.

Verses 12-14, 12 Kenan lived seventy years, then became the father of Mahalalel. 13 Kenan lived after he became the father of Mahalalel eight hundred forty years, and became the father of other sons and daughters 14 and all of the days of Kenan were nine hundred ten years, then he died.

 Kenan fathered a son called Mahalalel at the age of seventy years. He died at the age of 910.

Verses 15-17, 15 Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, then became the father of Jared. 16 Mahalalel lived after he became the father of Jared eight hundred thirty years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 17 All of the days of Mahalalel were eight hundred ninety-five years, then he died.

Mahalalei fathered a son called Jared at the age of 65. He died at the age of 895 years.

Verses 18-20, 18 Jared lived one hundred sixty-two years, then became the father of Enoch. 19 Jared lived after he became the father of Enoch eight hundred years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 20 All of the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty-two years, then he died.

Jared fathered a son called Enoch at the age of 162 years. He died at the age of 962.

Verses 21-24, 21 Enoch lived sixty-five years, then became the father of Methuselah. 22 After Methuselah’s birth, Enoch walked with God for three hundred years and became the father of more sons and daughters. 23 All the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty-five years. 24 Enoch walked with God, and he was not found, for God took him.

Enoch had a son called Methuselah at the age of 65 years. Enoch lived 365 years and was raptured to heaven. He had a close relationship with God. He did not die physically. Enoch was the first person to be raptured to heaven.

Verses 25-27, 25 Methuselah lived one hundred eighty-seven years, then became the father of Lamech. 26 Methuselah lived after he became the father of Lamech seven hundred eighty-two years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 27 All the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty-nine years, then he died.

Methuselah fathered a son called Lamech at the age of 187 years. He died at the age go 969. Methuselah was the oldest man to have lived on earth. Hebrews for Methuselah means, “his death sends”. God sent the flood immediately after the death of Methuselah.

Verse 28-31, 28 Lamech lived one hundred eighty-two years, then became the father of a son. 29 He named him Noah, saying, “This one will comfort us in our work and in the toil of our hands, caused by the ground which Yahweh has cursed.” 30 Lamech lived after he became the father of Noah five hundred ninety-five years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 31 All the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy-seven years, then he died.

Lamech fathered a son called Noah at the age of 182 years. Hebrews for Noah means rest. Lamech died at the age of 175.

Verse 32, Noah was five hundred years old, then Noah became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Noah fathered 3 sons called Shem, Ham, and Japheth at the age of 500 years. There were ten generations from Adam to Noah, Adam, Seth, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enosh, Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah.

Application:

Are you saved? Have you received Jesus as your Lord and Saviour?

The wages of sin is death but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus. Sin entered the world through Adam, Romans 5: 12. Through the sin of Adam, all people were made sinners and condemned to death. Through the obedience of Jesus Christ, all people were made righteous and received eternal life, Romans 5:18-19.

Romans 5:12, “Therefore as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; so death passed to all men because all sinned.”

Romans 5: 18-19, “So then as through one trespass, all men were condemned; even so through one act of righteousness, all men were justified to life. For as through the one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one, many will be made righteous.”

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank you for salvation and justification by grace through faith in Jesus Christ. Thank You for sending Your One and Only-begotten Son Jesus Christ to live a perfect life on earth and to die a cruel death on the Roman cross to pay the penalty of our sin for us. Thank You for sanctification and the gift of eternal life, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Genesis 4

Chapter 4: Genesis 4: 1-26, the first murder

After the fall of Adam and Eve, sin and death entered the human race. In this chapter we have the first death, and the first murder. Cain killed his brother Abel in cold blood due to jealousy and anger.

Verses 1-5, 1 The man knew Eve his wife. She conceived, and gave birth to Cain, and said, “I have gotten a man with Yahweh’s help.” 2 Again she gave birth, to Cain’s brother Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3 As time passed, Cain brought an offering to Yahweh from the fruit of the ground. 4 Abel also brought some of the firstborn of his flock and of its fat. Yahweh respected Abel and his offering, 5 but he didn’t respect Cain and his offering. Cain was very angry, and the expression on his face fell.

Eve gave birth to a son and called him Cain. She gave birth to another son and called him Abel. Abel was a sheep rearer while Cain was a farmer. Yahveh rejected Cain’s offering of fruits, but He accepted Abel’s offering of an animal. Cain was angry with God for rejecting his offerings. Cain’s attitude in his offering was not pleasing to God. He did not offer with faith and he did not offer his best crops to God. Abel’s attitude in the offering was pleasing to God. He offered with faith and sacrificed an animal without any blemish or defect. Cain’s offering of his crops did not involve the shedding of blood. Abel’s animal offering involved killing and shedding its blood. The author of Hebrews says that there is no remission of sin without the shedding of blood, Hebrews 9:22.

Hebrews 9:22, “According to the law, nearly everything is cleansed with blood, and apart from shedding of blood there is no remission.”

Verses 6-8, 6 Yahweh said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why has the expression of your face fallen? 7 If you do well, won’t it be lifted up? If you don’t do well, sin crouches at the door. Its desire is for you, but you are to rule over it.” 8 Cain said to Abel, his brother, “Let’s go into the field.” While they were in the field, Cain rose up against Abel, his brother, and killed him.

The LORD asked Cain why he was angry, told him to re-examine himself, and repent of his sin. God would not reject his offering if he offered his best and with the correct attitude. God warned Cain that harbouring anger in his heart would result in undesirable consequences. Cain called Abel to the field and murdered him in cold blood. This was the first murder.

Verses 9-12, 9 Yahweh said to Cain, “Where is Abel, your brother?” He said, “I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” 10 Yahweh said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries to me from the ground. 11 Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 From now on, when you till the ground, it won’t yield its strength to you. You will be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth.”

The LORD asked Cain for Abel’s whereabouts but he lied and said he did not know. This was the first lie. The LORD told Cain that Abel’s innocent blood was crying out for vengeance from the ground. The LORD cursed Cain and made him a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth.

Verses 13-15, 13 Cain said to Yahweh, “My punishment is greater than I can bear. 14 Behold, you have driven me out today from the surface of the ground. I will be hidden from your face, and I will be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth. Whoever finds me will kill me.” 15 Yahweh said to him, “Therefore whoever slays Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold.” Yahweh appointed a sign for Cain so that anyone finding him would not strike him.

Cain did not repent of his sin but pleaded for mercy. Now that Cain was a fugitive, the avenger of blood would come and kill him. The LORD gave grace and mercy to Cain. He issued a decree forbidding anyone from killing Cain. The LORD put a mark on Cain to protect him from the avenger of blood. Even though Cain committed a capital crime, God gave him mercy and grace and spared his life.

Verses 16-19, 16 Cain left Yahweh’s presence, and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. 17 Cain knew his wife. She conceived, and gave birth to Enoch. He built a city, and named the city after the name of his son, Enoch. 18 Irad was born to Enoch. Irad became the father of Mehujael. Mehujael became the father of Methushael. Methushael became the father of Lamech. 19 Lamech took two wives: the name of the first one was Adah, and the name of the second one was Zillah.

The LORD banished Cain to the land of Nod, on the east side of the garden of Eden. Cain married a wife and had a son whom he named Enoch. Enoch’s descendants was Irad, Mehulael, Methushael, and Lamech. Lamech married two wives, Adam and Zilah.

Verses 20-24, 20 Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal, who was the father of all who handle the harp and pipe. 22 Zillah also gave birth to Tubal Cain, the forger of every cutting instrument of bronze and iron. Tubal Cain’s sister was Naamah. 23 Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice. You wives of Lamech, listen to my speech, for I have slain a man for wounding me, a young man for bruising me. 24 If Cain will be avenged seven times, truly Lamech seventy-seven times.”

The sons of Lamech were Jabal and Tubal Cain. Lamech was an evil, violent, ruthless, and wicked man. He killed a man for injuring him and a young man for bruising him. He boasted that he was more wicked than his great-great grandfather Cain.

Verses 25-26, 25 Adam knew his wife again. She gave birth to another son, and called him Seth, saying, “for God has given me another child instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.” 26 A son was also born to Seth, and he named him Enosh. At that time men began to call on Yahweh’s name.

Eve conceived again and gave birth to a third son and called him Seth. Seth in Hebrews means appointed or substitute. Seth was a substitute for Abel and would be an ancestor of Jesus Christ. Seth had a son called Enosh. At that time, men started to worship the LORD.

Application:

Cain offered a sacrifice that displeased God. Abel offered a sacrifice that pleased God. When we offer to the LORD, we must offer an acceptable sacrifice. God loves a cheerful giver. We must offer our bodies as living sacrifices for God by surrendering our lives to Him and making Him the centre of our lives. We must not allow the world to squeeze us into its old but allow God to transform and renew us in conformation to his good, perfect and pleasing will, Romans 12:1-2.

Romans 12:1-2, “Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service. Don’t be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what is the good, well-pleasing, and perfect will of God.”

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, help us to present our bodies to You as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing in Your sight. Help us not to conform to the pattern of his world. Transform and renew our hearts and minds. Help us to discern Your good, perfect and pleasing will. Help us surrender our lives to You, in Jesus’ name, Amen.