Genesis chapter 5

Chapter 5, Genesis 5: 1-32, Genealogy from Adam to Noah

Genesis Chapter 5 traced the genealogy from Adam through Seth all the way to Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Verses 1-5, 1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, he made him in God’s likeness. 2 He created them male and female, and blessed them. On the day they were created, he named them Adam. 3 Adam lived one hundred thirty years, and became the father of a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth. 4 The days of Adam after he became the father of Seth were eight hundred years, and he became the father of other sons and daughters. 5 All the days that Adam lived were nine hundred thirty years, then he died.

This is the second time, the word generations or genealogy was used, compare Genesis 2:4. This is the record of the genealogy from Adam to Noah. God created Adam in His own image. He created Adam and Eve and blessed them. When Adam was 130 years old, he had a son called Seth. Adam died at the age of 930 years. From now on, there would be a series of death. The wages of sin is death, Romans 6:23. Everyone died except Enoch. Everyone died before reaching 1000 years of age. By God’s reckoning, 1000 years is as 1 day and 1 day is as 1000 years. By God’s reckoning, everyone died before 1 day.

2 Peter 3:8, “But don’t forget this one thing, beloved, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day.”

Verses 6-8, 6 Seth lived one hundred five years, then became the father of Enosh. 7 Seth lived after he became the father of Enosh eight hundred seven years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 8 All of the days of Seth were nine hundred twelve years, then he died.

Seth fathered a son called Enosh at the age of 105. He lived 912 years and died.

Verses 9-11, 9 Enosh lived ninety years and became the father of Kenan. 10 Enosh lived after he became the father of Kenan eight hundred fifteen years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 11 All of the days of Enosh were nine hundred five years, then he died.

Enosh fathered a son called Kenan at the age of 90. He died t the age of 105.

Verses 12-14, 12 Kenan lived seventy years, then became the father of Mahalalel. 13 Kenan lived after he became the father of Mahalalel eight hundred forty years, and became the father of other sons and daughters 14 and all of the days of Kenan were nine hundred ten years, then he died.

 Kenan fathered a son called Mahalalel at the age of seventy years. He died at the age of 910.

Verses 15-17, 15 Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, then became the father of Jared. 16 Mahalalel lived after he became the father of Jared eight hundred thirty years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 17 All of the days of Mahalalel were eight hundred ninety-five years, then he died.

Mahalalei fathered a son called Jared at the age of 65. He died at the age of 895 years.

Verses 18-20, 18 Jared lived one hundred sixty-two years, then became the father of Enoch. 19 Jared lived after he became the father of Enoch eight hundred years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 20 All of the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty-two years, then he died.

Jared fathered a son called Enoch at the age of 162 years. He died at the age of 962.

Verses 21-24, 21 Enoch lived sixty-five years, then became the father of Methuselah. 22 After Methuselah’s birth, Enoch walked with God for three hundred years and became the father of more sons and daughters. 23 All the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty-five years. 24 Enoch walked with God, and he was not found, for God took him.

Enoch had a son called Methuselah at the age of 65 years. Enoch lived 365 years and was raptured to heaven. He had a close relationship with God. He did not die physically. Enoch was the first person to be raptured to heaven.

Verses 25-27, 25 Methuselah lived one hundred eighty-seven years, then became the father of Lamech. 26 Methuselah lived after he became the father of Lamech seven hundred eighty-two years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 27 All the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty-nine years, then he died.

Methuselah fathered a son called Lamech at the age of 187 years. He died at the age go 969. Methuselah was the oldest man to have lived on earth. Hebrews for Methuselah means, “his death sends”. God sent the flood immediately after the death of Methuselah.

Verse 28-31, 28 Lamech lived one hundred eighty-two years, then became the father of a son. 29 He named him Noah, saying, “This one will comfort us in our work and in the toil of our hands, caused by the ground which Yahweh has cursed.” 30 Lamech lived after he became the father of Noah five hundred ninety-five years, and became the father of other sons and daughters. 31 All the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy-seven years, then he died.

Lamech fathered a son called Noah at the age of 182 years. Hebrews for Noah means rest. Lamech died at the age of 175.

Verse 32, Noah was five hundred years old, then Noah became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Noah fathered 3 sons called Shem, Ham, and Japheth at the age of 500 years. There were ten generations from Adam to Noah, Adam, Seth, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enosh, Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah.

Application:

Are you saved? Have you received Jesus as your Lord and Saviour?

The wages of sin is death but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus. Sin entered the world through Adam, Romans 5: 12. Through the sin of Adam, all people were made sinners and condemned to death. Through the obedience of Jesus Christ, all people were made righteous and received eternal life, Romans 5:18-19.

Romans 5:12, “Therefore as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; so death passed to all men because all sinned.”

Romans 5: 18-19, “So then as through one trespass, all men were condemned; even so through one act of righteousness, all men were justified to life. For as through the one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one, many will be made righteous.”

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank you for salvation and justification by grace through faith in Jesus Christ. Thank You for sending Your One and Only-begotten Son Jesus Christ to live a perfect life on earth and to die a cruel death on the Roman cross to pay the penalty of our sin for us. Thank You for sanctification and the gift of eternal life, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Genesis 4

Chapter 4: Genesis 4: 1-26, the first murder

After the fall of Adam and Eve, sin and death entered the human race. In this chapter we have the first death, and the first murder. Cain killed his brother Abel in cold blood due to jealousy and anger.

Verses 1-5, 1 The man knew Eve his wife. She conceived, and gave birth to Cain, and said, “I have gotten a man with Yahweh’s help.” 2 Again she gave birth, to Cain’s brother Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3 As time passed, Cain brought an offering to Yahweh from the fruit of the ground. 4 Abel also brought some of the firstborn of his flock and of its fat. Yahweh respected Abel and his offering, 5 but he didn’t respect Cain and his offering. Cain was very angry, and the expression on his face fell.

Eve gave birth to a son and called him Cain. She gave birth to another son and called him Abel. Abel was a sheep rearer while Cain was a farmer. Yahveh rejected Cain’s offering of fruits, but He accepted Abel’s offering of an animal. Cain was angry with God for rejecting his offerings. Cain’s attitude in his offering was not pleasing to God. He did not offer with faith and he did not offer his best crops to God. Abel’s attitude in the offering was pleasing to God. He offered with faith and sacrificed an animal without any blemish or defect. Cain’s offering of his crops did not involve the shedding of blood. Abel’s animal offering involved killing and shedding its blood. The author of Hebrews says that there is no remission of sin without the shedding of blood, Hebrews 9:22.

Hebrews 9:22, “According to the law, nearly everything is cleansed with blood, and apart from shedding of blood there is no remission.”

Verses 6-8, 6 Yahweh said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why has the expression of your face fallen? 7 If you do well, won’t it be lifted up? If you don’t do well, sin crouches at the door. Its desire is for you, but you are to rule over it.” 8 Cain said to Abel, his brother, “Let’s go into the field.” While they were in the field, Cain rose up against Abel, his brother, and killed him.

The LORD asked Cain why he was angry, told him to re-examine himself, and repent of his sin. God would not reject his offering if he offered his best and with the correct attitude. God warned Cain that harbouring anger in his heart would result in undesirable consequences. Cain called Abel to the field and murdered him in cold blood. This was the first murder.

Verses 9-12, 9 Yahweh said to Cain, “Where is Abel, your brother?” He said, “I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” 10 Yahweh said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries to me from the ground. 11 Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 From now on, when you till the ground, it won’t yield its strength to you. You will be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth.”

The LORD asked Cain for Abel’s whereabouts but he lied and said he did not know. This was the first lie. The LORD told Cain that Abel’s innocent blood was crying out for vengeance from the ground. The LORD cursed Cain and made him a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth.

Verses 13-15, 13 Cain said to Yahweh, “My punishment is greater than I can bear. 14 Behold, you have driven me out today from the surface of the ground. I will be hidden from your face, and I will be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth. Whoever finds me will kill me.” 15 Yahweh said to him, “Therefore whoever slays Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold.” Yahweh appointed a sign for Cain so that anyone finding him would not strike him.

Cain did not repent of his sin but pleaded for mercy. Now that Cain was a fugitive, the avenger of blood would come and kill him. The LORD gave grace and mercy to Cain. He issued a decree forbidding anyone from killing Cain. The LORD put a mark on Cain to protect him from the avenger of blood. Even though Cain committed a capital crime, God gave him mercy and grace and spared his life.

Verses 16-19, 16 Cain left Yahweh’s presence, and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. 17 Cain knew his wife. She conceived, and gave birth to Enoch. He built a city, and named the city after the name of his son, Enoch. 18 Irad was born to Enoch. Irad became the father of Mehujael. Mehujael became the father of Methushael. Methushael became the father of Lamech. 19 Lamech took two wives: the name of the first one was Adah, and the name of the second one was Zillah.

The LORD banished Cain to the land of Nod, on the east side of the garden of Eden. Cain married a wife and had a son whom he named Enoch. Enoch’s descendants was Irad, Mehulael, Methushael, and Lamech. Lamech married two wives, Adam and Zilah.

Verses 20-24, 20 Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal, who was the father of all who handle the harp and pipe. 22 Zillah also gave birth to Tubal Cain, the forger of every cutting instrument of bronze and iron. Tubal Cain’s sister was Naamah. 23 Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice. You wives of Lamech, listen to my speech, for I have slain a man for wounding me, a young man for bruising me. 24 If Cain will be avenged seven times, truly Lamech seventy-seven times.”

The sons of Lamech were Jabal and Tubal Cain. Lamech was an evil, violent, ruthless, and wicked man. He killed a man for injuring him and a young man for bruising him. He boasted that he was more wicked than his great-great grandfather Cain.

Verses 25-26, 25 Adam knew his wife again. She gave birth to another son, and called him Seth, saying, “for God has given me another child instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.” 26 A son was also born to Seth, and he named him Enosh. At that time men began to call on Yahweh’s name.

Eve conceived again and gave birth to a third son and called him Seth. Seth in Hebrews means appointed or substitute. Seth was a substitute for Abel and would be an ancestor of Jesus Christ. Seth had a son called Enosh. At that time, men started to worship the LORD.

Application:

Cain offered a sacrifice that displeased God. Abel offered a sacrifice that pleased God. When we offer to the LORD, we must offer an acceptable sacrifice. God loves a cheerful giver. We must offer our bodies as living sacrifices for God by surrendering our lives to Him and making Him the centre of our lives. We must not allow the world to squeeze us into its old but allow God to transform and renew us in conformation to his good, perfect and pleasing will, Romans 12:1-2.

Romans 12:1-2, “Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service. Don’t be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what is the good, well-pleasing, and perfect will of God.”

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, help us to present our bodies to You as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing in Your sight. Help us not to conform to the pattern of his world. Transform and renew our hearts and minds. Help us to discern Your good, perfect and pleasing will. Help us surrender our lives to You, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Genesis 3

Chapter 3, Genesis 14:1-24, when kings go to war

Genesis 14 described the battle between the four kings of Mesopotamia, headed by King Chedorlaomer of Elam, against the five kings of Canaan, headed by the King of Sodom. The battle was fought in the valley of Siddim, also known as the valley of the Salt Sea, or the Dead Sea. The soldiers captured Lot and his family in the crossfire and Abram rescued him. This battle was also known as the battle of Siddim (Genesis 14:10) and the slaughter of Chedorlaomer (Genesis 14:17).

Verses 1-3, 1 In the days of Amraphel, king of Shinar; Arioch, king of Ellasar; Chedorlaomer, king of Elam; and Tidal, king of Goiim, 2 they made war with Bera, king of Sodom; Birsha, king of Gomorrah; Shinab, king of Admah; Shemeber, king of Zeboiim; and the king of Bela (also called Zoar). 3 All these joined together in the valley of Siddim (also called the Salt Sea).

A coalition of four kings of Mesopotamia under the leadership of Chedorlaomer, king of Elam waged war against a coalition of five kings of Canaan under the leadership of Bera, king of Sodom. Shinar is ancient Mesopotamia, modern-day Irag. Elam is modern-day Iran. Sodom and Gomorrah were extinct cities in Cannan near the Dead Sea. They converged for battle at the valley of Siddim, also known as the Salt Sea, or the Dead Sea.

Verse 4-7, 4 They served Chedorlaomer for twelve years, and in the thirteenth year, they rebelled. 5 In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and struck the Rephaim in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 6 and the Horites in their Mount Seir, to El Paran, which is by the wilderness. 7 They returned, and came to En Mishpat (also called Kadesh), and struck all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that lived in Hazazon Tamar.

After serving served Chedorlaomer for twelve years, the five kings of Canaan

rebelled against him in the thirteenth year. Chedorlaomer and his allies attacked the Rephaim, the Zuzim, the Emim, the Horites, El Paran, the Amalekites, and the Amorites In the fourteenth year.

Verses 8-9, 8 The king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (also called Zoar) went out; and they set the battle in array against them in the valley of Siddim 9 against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings against the five.

The kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and their allies fought against the Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, and his allies in the valley of Siddim.

Verses 10-12, 10 Now the valley of Siddim was full of tar pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and some fell there. Those who remained fled to the hills. 11 They took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their food, and went their way. 12 They took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who lived in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

In those days, the valley of Siddim, (Salt Sea or Dead Sea) was full of tar pits. Chedorlaomer and his allies came out victorious and defeated the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and their allies. They plundered the goods and took away the people of Sodom and Gomorrah as hostages, including Lot and his family.

Verses 13-17, 13 One who had escaped came and told Abram, the Hebrew. At that time, he lived by the oaks of Mamre, the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner. They were allies of Abram. 14 When Abram heard that his relative was taken captive, he led out his three hundred eighteen trained men, born in his house, and pursued as far as Dan. 15 He divided himself against them by night, he and his servants, and struck them, and pursued them to Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 16 He brought back all the goods, and also brought back his relative Lot and his goods, and the women also, and the other people. 17 The king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, at the valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).

When Abram heard that Lot was captured, he and his allies plus three hundred and eighteen of his men went on a rescue mission and chased after the enemies as far north as Dan. We can see that Abram was very rich because he had three hundred and eighteen men born in his house! He divided the rescue team into groups and pursued the enemies at night as far as north as Damascus. Abram rescued Lot, other hostages, their families, and their possessions. In the wake of this successful campaign, the king of Sodom came to meet Abram.

Verses 18-20, 18 Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was the priest of God Most High. 19 He blessed him, and said, “Blessed be Abram of God Most High, possessor of heaven and earth. 20 Blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” Abram gave him a tenth of all.

Seemingly out of nowhere, Melchizedek, the king of Salem, appeared to Abram. Some scholars believed that Melchizedek was a Christophany, the pre-incarnate Christ who appeared to Abram in a human form. Hebrews for Melchizedek means king of righteousness. Salem was Jerusalem. Hebrews for Salem is shalom or peace. Melchizedek was the king of Jerusalem, king of peace, a priest of the Most Hogh God or El Elyon. God revealed another name to Abram, El Elyon, the Most High God. Melchizedek was a foreshadow or type of Christ. Melchizedek blessed Abram and gave him bread and wine to Abram, a foreshadow of the Holy Communion. Abram gave to Melchizedek a tenth of all his possessions. Melchizedek is also mentioned two more times in the Bible, Psalm 110:4, and Hebrews 7: 1-3. Melchizedek is like the Son of God, eternal, with no genealogy, no beginning, and no end.

Psalm 110:4, “Yahweh has sworn, and will not change his mind: “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”

Hebrews 7: 1-3, For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of God Most High, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first, by interpretation, “king of righteousness”, and then also “king of Salem”, which means “king of peace”, without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God), remains a priest continually.

Verses 21-24, 21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, and take the goods for yourself.” 22 Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have lifted up my hand to Yahweh, God Most High, possessor of heaven and earth, 23 that I will not take a thread nor a sandal strap nor anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich.’ 24 I will accept nothing from you except that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men who went with me: Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre. Let them take their portion.”

The king of Sodom offered Abram all the booty in exchange for the hostage, but Abram refused to take anything from him. His allegiance was to the LORD and no one else. Abram’s faith had strengthened and matured. The LORD who owned the whole universe and the cattle on a thousand hills had given him victory, Psalm 50:10, NIV.

Psalm 50:10, NIV, “for every animal of the forest is mine, and the cattle on a thousand hills.”

Application:

Abraham’s rescue of Lot and the hostages from Chedorlaomer is a foreshadowing of Christ rescuing us from the captivity of satan.

Abraham paid a tenth of all his possessions to Melchizedek. Since all that you have comes from God, you need to pay back a portion of what you earned to further the ministries of the kingdom of God. This is the basis for paying tithes and offerings.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for redeeming us from the bondage of sin. Thank You for setting us free from the captivity of satan. Thank You for the atoning sacrifice of Jesus on the cross to secure our salvation. Thank You for all that You have done for us in our lives, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Genesis 3

Chapter 3, Genesis 3: 1-24, the fall

This chapter records the first sin of human beings. Satan appeared on the scene disguised as a talking serpent to tempt and deceive Eve and succeeded. Everything went downhill for humanity and the whole of creation from this point onwards.

Verses 1-3, 1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any animal of the field which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, “Has God really said, ‘You shall not eat of any tree of the garden’?” 2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees of the garden, 3 but not the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden. God has said, ‘You shall not eat of it. You shall not touch it, lest you die.’”

The serpent, satan was the most cunning, conniving, and deceitful of all the animals. The serpent, dragon, or satan is the father of lies and deception. Satan appeared to Eve in the form of a talking serpent. Satan questioned the honesty of God. Satan planted doubt in the mind of Eve by saying, “Has God really said, ‘You shall not eat of any tree of the garden’?” Eve was deceived because she did not know the word of God. She said that God forbade her to touch the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. God forbade her to eat, not touch the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, Genesis 2: 17.

Genesis 2:17, “but you shall not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”

Verses 4-6, 4 The serpent said to the woman, “You won’t really die, 5 for God knows that in the day you eat it, your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took some of its fruit, and ate. Then she gave some to her husband with her, and he ate it, too.

Satan questioned the integrity of God. Satan deceive Eve that God was hiding something good from her. Satan continued to sow the seeds of doubt into Eve and even accused God of hiding the knowledge of good and evil good from her.

Eve succumbed to the lust of the eye, the fruit was good to eat. She succumbed to the lust of the eyes, the fruit was good to look at. She succumbed to the pride of life, it was good for wisdom. Satan tempted Jesus along the same lines but Jesus overcame satan by the word of God.

Eve ate the fruit and gave it to Adam and Adam also ate it! Eve was tempted by satan but Adam was not deceived by satan. Adam willingly ate the forbidden fruit even though he knew the consequence of doing so.

Verses 7-9, 7 Their eyes were opened, and they both knew that they were naked. They sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves. 8 They heard Yahweh God’s voice walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden. 9 Yahweh God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?” 10 The man said, “I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.”

Their eyes were opened, they saw their nakedness, and felt shameful. Before the fall, Adam and Eve were naked but they did not feel ashamed because their hearts were pure. After the fall, they saw their nakedness through sinful eyes because their hearts were sinful They sewed fig leaves to cover up their sin. The Lord God came to the garden but they hide from Him. The Lord God called Adam and summoned him to come out. Adam and Eve tried to cover their sins with their own self-effort but this was not adequate. Only God can cover their sins adequately.

Verses 11-14, 11 God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?” 12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit from the tree, and I ate it.13 Yahweh God said to the woman, “What have you done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” 14 Yahweh God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this you are cursed above all livestock and above every animal of the field. You shall go on your belly and you shall eat dust all the days of your life.

Adam and Eve played the blame game instead of admitting, confessing, and taking responsibility for their actions. Adam blamed Eve, and Eve blamed satan. The LORD God pronounced a curse on satan for his conniving, lying, dastardly, and wicked act.

Verses 15-16, 15 I will put hostility between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel.” 16 To the woman he said, “I will greatly multiply your pain in childbirth. You will bear children in pain. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”

The LORD God pronounced enmity between Eve and satan, and between her offsprings and satan’s offsprings. The seed of Eve is Jesus Christ. The LORD will send Jesus Christ to bruise satan’s head and satan will bruise Jesus’ heal on Good Friday, 6000 years later. Women will suffer the pain of childbirth and be subjected to their husbands.

Verses 17-19, 17 To Adam he said, “Because you have listened to your wife’s voice, and have eaten from the tree, about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it,’  the ground is cursed for your sake. You will eat from it with much labor all the days of your life. 18 It will yield thorns and thistles to you; and you will eat the herb of the field. 19 You will eat bread by the sweat of your face until you return to the ground, for you were taken out of it. For you are dust, and you shall return to dust.”

Even Adam was not spared. Adam will have to work the ground with his hands through sweat and tears. Even the ground was not spared. God cursed the ground so that thorns and thistles would grow. Human beings will return to dust at death since human beings were created out of dust.

Genesis 3:15-19 spelled out the consequences of the fall viz. enmity between Eve and satan, marital strife, painful childbirth, the ground was cursed, hard labour for men, physical and spiritual death.

Verses 20-24, 20 The man called his wife Eve because she would be the mother of all the living. 21 Yahweh God made garments of animal skins for Adam and for his wife and clothed them. 22 Yahweh God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand, and also take of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever—” 23 Therefore Yahweh God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken. 24 So he drove out the man; and he placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.

Adam called his wife Eve because she was the mother of the living. Hebrews for Eve is Hawwah, which means source of the living. The LORD God made garments from animal skin to cover the sin of Adam and Eve. God had to kill animals and shed their blood to get the skins. The atonement of sin required the shedding of blood, Hebrews 9:22. This was the first sacrifice. This was a foreshadow of Christ, the Lamb of God, who will be the substitutionary atonement for the sins of mankind.

God expelled Adam and Eve from the garden of Eden to their deny access to the tree of life. The access into the garden of Eden was forever closed to Adam and Eve. God placed cherubim with a flaming sword to guard the entrance to the garden of Eden.

Hebrews 9:22, “According to the law, nearly everything is cleansed with blood, and apart from shedding of blood there is no remission.”

Application:

Satan can plant seeds of doubt in your hearts if you do not know the word of God accurately. Eve was deceived because she did not know the word of God accurately. Know the word accurately. Do not be deceived by speakers who quote scriptures wrongly and out of context. Countercheck whatever you hear from any speaker with the Bible, see Acts 17:11.

Do not succumb to the lust of the eyes, the lusts of the flesh, and the pride of life, 1 John 2:15-17.

Jesus covered our sin with His robe of righteousness, imputing His righteousness to us when we believe in Him.

Acts 17:11,  “Now these were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so.”

1 John 2: 15-17, “Don’t love the world or the things that are in the world. If anyone loves the world, the Father’s love isn’t in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, isn’t the Father’s, but is the world’s. The world is passing away with its lusts, but he who does God’s will remains forever.”

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for justification and salvation by grace through faith in Christ. Thank You for covering our sin by the imputed righteousness of Christ. Thank You for salvation through the finished work of Christ on the cross. Help us not to succumb to the lusts of the eyes, the lusts of the flesh, and the pride of life, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Genesis 2

Chapter 2: Genesis 2: 1-25, the sixth day of creation

Whereas Genesis chapter 1 is the overall account of the first one week of creation, Genesis chapter 2 zoomed in specifically on the sixth day of creation.

Verses 1-3, 1 The heavens, the earth, and all their vast array were finished. 2 On the seventh day God finished his work which he had done; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 3 God blessed the seventh day and made it holy because he rested in it from all his work of creation which he had done.

Hebrews for God is Elohim, a plural noun. On the seventh day, God took a rest from His work. He blessed the seventh day and made it holy. Hebrews for holy is qadesh, which means sanctified, set apart, or separated because this is a special day of the Lord.

Verses 4-6, 4 This is the history of the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that Yahweh God made the earth and the heavens. 5 No plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for Yahweh God had not caused it to rain on the earth. There was not a man to till the ground, 6 but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground.

The phrase, “history of the generations” is used for the first time and will be repeated many times in Genesis. Hebrews for Yahveh God is Yahveh Elohim or the LORD God. There were no plants and herbs. The LORD God had not sent in the rain. Instead, He sent a mist from the ground to water the earth. God had not created man. Genesis chapter 2 retold the creation of human beings in greater detail than Genesis 1.

Verses 7-8, 7 Yahweh God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. 8 Yahweh God planted a garden eastward, in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had formed.

The Lord God created Adam from the dust of the earth, breathe life into his nostrils, and gave him life. The LORD God planted the garden of Eden and placed Adam there to cultivate it.

Verses 9-14, 9 Out of the ground Yahweh God made every tree to grow that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food, including the tree of life in the middle of the garden and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 A river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became the source of four rivers. 11 The name of the first is Pishon: it flows through the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 12 and the gold of that land is good. Bdellium and onyx stone are also there. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon. It is the same river that flows through the whole land of Cush. 14 The name of the third river is Hiddekel. This is the one which flows in front of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.

The LORD God created all the trees, including the tree of life, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, in the middle of the garden. A river flowed out from the garden of Eden. This river branched into four tributaries called Pishon, Gihon, Hiddekel, and Euphrates. Just as a river flowed out from the garden of Eden, a river also flowed out from the New Jerusalem, Revelation 22:1-2.

Revelation 22:1-2, “He showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street. On this side of the river and on that was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruits, yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.”

Verses 15-16, 15 Yahweh God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate and keep it. 16 Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely eat of every tree of the garden; 17 but you shall not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”

The LORD God placed Adam, into the garden of Eden and commanded him to cultivate it. God only gave Adam one prohibition. He can eat from all the trees in the garden except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The result of breaking this commandment is death. God gave Adam the free choice to obey or disobey Him. The wages of sin is death, Romans 6: 23 a.

Romans 3:23 a, “the wages of sin is death”.

Verses 18-20, 18 Yahweh God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make him a helper comparable to him.” 19 Out of the ground Yahweh God formed every animal of the field, and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. Whatever the man called every living creature became its name. 20 The man gave names to all livestock, and to the birds of the sky, and to every animal of the field, but for man, there was not found a helper comparable to him.

Seeing that Adam was alone, LORD God created Eve to help him and be his companion. God created all the animals of the earth and the birds of the air and allowed Adam to name them one by one. Adam gave names to all the animals and birds but he had no helper to assist him.

Verses 21-25, 21 Yahweh God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep. As the man slept, he took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh in its place. 22 Yahweh God made a woman from the rib which he had taken from the man and brought her to the man. 23 The man said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. She will be called ‘woman,’ because she was taken out of Man.” 24 Therefore a man will leave his father and his mother and will join with his wife, and they will be one flesh. 25 The man and his wife were both naked, and they were not ashamed.

The LORD God put Adam into a deep sleep, took one of his ribs, and closed up the skin. LORD God created Eve from Adam’s ribs and brought her to him. Adam named Eve woman because she was taken out of man. The LORD God solemnised the first marriage of Adam and Eve. A man should leave his father and mother and be united to his wife in marriage. Adam and Eve were both naked but they were not ashamed. There are many first in Genesis. Here is the first marriage. When you study Genesis make a note of all the first.

Application:

The first verse of the Bible declared that in the beginning, God created heavens and the earth. The universe including human beings are created by God. Evolution is a lie. It takes more faith to believe in evolution than in creation. How can everything come to life through random chance? How can man evolve from monkeys? If you can believe that In the beginning, God created heavens and earth, you will have no difficulty believing all the miracles recorded in the bible.

God instituted the seventh day of the week as the day Sabbath. Since God rested on the Sabbath, we should also rest on the Sabbath. The Sabbath day is holy and separated for God. The principle here is to take a rest one day out of every seven days. This is a principle to apply, not a legalistic duty to enforce. God created the Sabbath for men but the Pharisees became so legalistic over the law of Sabbath-keeping to the extent of causing a burden to the people.

The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Jesus Christ, Romans 6:23 and 5:17.

Romans 6:23,  “For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

Romans 5:17, “For if by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; so much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ”.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, You are the God of creation, the God of salvation, the God of redemption, and the God of reconciliation. You are wonderful, counsellor, Prince of peace, and everlasting Father, and mighty God. Thank You that Christ is the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last, the author and perfecter of our faith, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Genesis chapter 1

Chapter 1, Genesis 1:1-31, the six days of creation

God created the world in six days. Whether this is a literal 24 hours day or not is something that is hotly debated. According to God’s reckoning, 1 day is as 1000 years and 1000 years is as 1 day, 2 Peter 3:8. God created, transcends, and is outside of the time, and space continuum. There are two schools of thought regarding the age of the universe. Is the age billions of years old or is the universe 6000 plus years old? There is also the gap theory. Is there an interval of time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2? These are hotly debated issues among Bible scholars. As far as the Bible is concerned God is the creator of the universe. In the beginning, God created the heavens and earth. The universe is not a product of a massive explosion billions of years ago. The universe is not a product of random chance and mutations. Human beings did not evolve from monkeys or gorillas

2 Peter 3:8, “But don’t forget this one thing, beloved, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day.”

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, help us to understand Your word. We pray for the anointing of the Holy Spirit to enlighten us and to give us wisdom and understanding. Open our hearts, minds, eyes, ears, and spirit to receive, understand, see, apply, honour, and hear the truth of Your word, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Verses 1-4, 1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep and God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters. 3 God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. 4 God saw the light, and saw that it was good. God divided the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light “day”, and the darkness he called “night”. There was evening and there was morning, the first day.

The Bible begins with “in the beginning God created”. We do not know when this beginning was. Is it billions of years or thousands of years? God created the universe in eternity past. The universe did not evolve by random chance over billions of years. It takes a lot more faith to believe in evolution than creation. God has no beginning. He is outside the time-space continuum. He is pre-existent, self-existent, eternal, from everlasting to everlasting, from eternity past to eternity future, from the Alpha, and to the Omega.

The six days of creation have a pre-set template, starting with “let there be…..” and ending with ”there was evening and there was morning………”

On the first day, God created the heavens, the earth, and the light. There are three heavens. The atmosphere from the ground to the clouds is the first heaven. The outer space from the clouds to the galaxies is the second heaven. The abode of God’s throne beyond the galaxies is the third heaven. When God created the earth, it was dark, empty, and structureless. Hebrews word for create is bara, which means to create something out of nothing, or ex-nihilo in latin.

God separated the light and the darkness, calling the darkness, evening, and the light, morning, and this was the first day. God defined a day as one evening and one morning. A Jewish day starts from 6 pm in the evening until 6 pm the next evening.

The Holy Spirit circled around the formless, structureless, dark, empty, and watery earth. God spoke, let there be light and light appeared on site. This was not the light of the sun but the light of God’s glory, Revelation 21:23. Jesus Christ is the word of God’s word, John 1:1.

The Trinitarian God of the Bible, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit created the universe. God saw that the light was good. He separated the light from the darkness and called them day and night. Hebrews for God is Elohim, a plural noun.

In the presence of the Holy Spirit, God, the Father spoke, and it came to be. Jesus Christ is the spoken Word of God, the father.

Revelation 21:23, “The city has no need for the sun, neither of the moons, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb.”

John 1:1, “in the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God.”

Verses 6-8, 6 God said, “Let there be an expanse in the middle of the waters and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 7 God made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. 8 God called the expanse “sky”. There was evening and there was morning, a second day.

On the second day, God separated the watery universe into two compartments, one on top and one on the bottom, in between the sky or atmosphere. The compartment of water above the sky protected the earth below.

Verses 9-13, 9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear;” and it was so. 10 God called the dry land “earth”, and the gathering together of the waters he called “seas”. God saw that it was good. 11 God said, “Let the earth yield grass, herbs yielding seeds, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with their seeds in it, on the earth;” and it was so. 12 The earth yielded grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with their seeds in it, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. 13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.

On the third day, God separated the land and the water below the atmosphere to form the earth and the oceans. God created the trees, the plants, the herbs, and the grass, and saw that they were good.

Verses 14-19, 14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs to mark seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth;” and it was so. 16 God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light to the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

On the fourth day, God created seasons, days, weeks, months, years, sun, moon, stars, and galaxies. The sunlight shines in the day. The reflected light from the moon and stars shines in the night. On day 1, God provided light with His glory. On day 4, God created the sun to reflect its light to the moon, and the stars.

Verses 20-25, 20 God said, “Let the waters abound with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky.” 21 God created the large sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. 24 God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures after their kind, livestock, creeping things, and animals of the earth after their kind;” and it was so. 25 God made the animals of the earth after their kind, and the livestock after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind. God saw that it was good.

On the fifth day, God created all the sea creatures, the land animals, the insects, the creeping things, and the birds. God saw that they were good, blessed, and summoned them to be fruitful and multiply.

Verses 26-31, 26 God said, “Let’s make man in our image, after our likeness. Let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the livestock, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” 29 God said, “Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree, which bears fruit yielding seed. It will be your food. 30 To every animal of the earth, and to every bird of the sky, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food;” and it was so. 31 God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. There was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

On the sixth day, God created men and women in His own image. He commanded men to have dominion over the sea creatures, the land animals, the birds, the livestock, and the creeping things. He commanded them to be fruitful and multiply. God commanded them to eat the fruits, the herbs, the seeds, and the plants. God also allowed the land animals, birds, and sea creatures to eat fruits, herbs, seeds, and plants. God commanded humans, animals, birds, and sea creatures to be herbivores and not carnivores. On days 1 to 5, God declared His creation as good but only on day 6, did He declare His creation as very good. God created, human being, the crowning glory of His creation in His own image.

Genesis 1:28-30 is the Adamic or Edenic covenant, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth……..”

God created human beings in His own image, to have dominion over the animals, birds, sea creatures, and all living things. Human beings will reproduce, multiply, and populate the earth. Human beings, animals, birds, and sea creatures will be vegetarian.

Application:

Just as the Trinity was at work during creation, the Trinity was also at work during our conversion. Before we become Christians, our lives were dark, formless, empty, and purposeless. When someone shared the Gospel to us, Jesus, the word of God spoke into our hearts, and the Holy Spirit convicted us of sins. The light of Jesus shines into our hearts and illuminate our hearts with His glorious light. We confessed, believed, and surrendered our lives to Jesus. We came into the light and our lives became meaningful and purposeful. See 2 Corinthians 4:6.

2 Corinthians 4:6, seeing it is God who said, “Light will shine out of darkness,” who has shone in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for giving us the light of Christ to illuminate and to recreate us, to convict, correct, renew, and conform us to Your image. Thank You for saving us and regenerating our spiritual lives, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Pentecost

Acts 2: 1-4, Pentecost

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, we come before You today as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to You, as this is our spiritual act of worship. We give You our full attention, hearts, and minds. Help us be transformed to the image of Jesus Christ, our Lord, and Saviour, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

VV 1-4, 1 When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Easter corresponds to the Feast of First Fruits in the Old Testament. Fifty days after Easter or Feast of First Fruits, is the day of Pentecost, Leviticus 28:16. Pentecost is also known as Feast of Weeks, Feast of Harvest, and Feast of Ingathering, Numbers 28:26 and Exodus 23:16. The Holy Spirit descended upon the 120 disciples in the upper room on Pentecost. The Holy Spirit came with the sound of strong wind and rested on the head of each disciple as a tongue of fire and they spoke in tongues.

In John 3, Jesus compared the Holy Spirit to the blowing of the wind. The Greek word for wind and Spirit is the same word ‘’pneuma’’.

Leviticus 23:16, “Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the Lord.’’

Numbers 28:26, “Also on the day of the first fruits, when you bring a new grain offering to the Lord at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work.”

Exodus 23:16, “and the Feast of Harvest, the first fruits of your labors which you have sown in the field, and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field.”