Romans, Lesson 12

Lesson 12


omans 5: 12-21, Adam and Christ.

In this passage, Paul speaks of two Adams, the first Adam of Genesis and the last Adam Jesus Christ.

VV 12-14, 12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men because all sinned— 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

Sin and death entered the world and infected all men through the sin of Adam. The wages of sin is death. Everyone is born spiritually dead and separated from God because of Adam’s son. Adam is opposite to Jesus Christ who was to come.

Ephesian 2:1. ‘’And you He made alive, who were dead in trespass and sins’’.

VV 15-19, 15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification. 17 For if by the one man’s offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) 18 Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. 19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.

Grace is opposite to law. Adam is opposite to Christ. By Adam’s disobedience, many died. By Jesus Christ’s obedience, many lived. By Adam’s disobedience, there was judgment and eternal death. By Christ’s obedience, there is justification and eternal life. By Adam’s disobedience, death reigned. By Christ’s obedience, life reigned. By Adam’s disobedience, there was condemnation. By Christ’s obedience, there is justification. By Adam’s disobedience many were made sinners. By Christ’s obedience, many we’d made righteous.

VV 20-21, 20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more, 21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so, grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Law is a mirror that reflect sin. When sin increased, grace increased even more. The wages of sin is eternal death. The grace of God is eternal life through Jesus.

John 3:3, ‘’unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God’’

John 3:5, ‘’unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God’’


Heavenly Father, thank You for the super abundant grace of justification and salvation by grace through faith. Thank You for sending Jesus Christ to reverse the curse of Adam’s sin, in Jesus’ name, Amen.


Dr. Andrew C S Koh, is an author, publisher, blogger, retired cardiologist, and Bible expositor. His first book, Memoirs of a Doctor, told the amazing story of his spiritual journey and full recovery from tetraplegia. Since then, he has authored 36 Christian books, including commentaries on every book of the New Testament from Matthew to Revelation. He studied Theology at Laidlaw Bible College, Auckland, New Zealand. Connect with him at

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