Romans, Lesson 7

Lesson 7

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fter establishing God’s wrath on the on the ungodly, irreligious, and immoral Gentiles and God’s wrath on the self-righteous, religious, and hypocritical scribes and Pharisees, Paul continued asking and answering his rhetorical questions.

Romans 3: 1-8, will the Jews unfaithfulness nullify the faithfulness of God?

1 What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision? 2 Much in every way! Chiefly because to them were committed the oracles of God. 3 For what if some did not believe? Will their unbelief make the faithfulness of God without effect? 4 Certainly not! Indeed, let God be true but every man a liar. As it is written: ‘’That You may be justified in Your words, and may overcome when You are judged.” 5 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unjust who inflicts wrath? (I speak as a man.) 6 Certainly not! For then how will God judge the world? 7 For if the truth of God has increased through my lie to His glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner? 8 And why not say, “Let us do evil that good may come”? as we are slanderously reported and as some affirm that we say. Their condemnation is just.

Paul asked rhetorical questions and answered them. This is called the diatribe.

What is the advantage of having a Jewish pedigree if this did not make him right with God?

Much in every way! The Jews were given the oracles of God, the Bible, the inspired, inerrant, and infallible Word of God.

2 Tim 3:16. 2 Peter 1: 21, ‘’prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit’’.

Will the Jew’s unbelief nullify the faithfulness of God?

Certainly not! God is still faithful even though the Jews failed to believe in Jesus Christ. God will preserve a remnant of non-believing Jews to believe in Jesus during the tribulation. Paul said in Romans 11:26, ‘’and in this way all Israel will be saved’’.

Is God unjust when he inflicts wrath on sinners?

Certainly not! A righteous God had to judge and punish sin otherwise He will not not a righteous God. God is just to inflict wrath on sinners.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for Your promise that you will preserve and save a remnant of the unbelieving Jews back to You during the tribulation. Enable and equip us to read, study, meditate, believe, apply, and share the gospel message, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Romans, Lesson 6

Lesson 6

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omans 2: 12- 29, true circumcision of the heart.

VV 12-16, 12 For as many as have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law 13 (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; 14 for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, 15 who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves, their thoughts accusing or else excusing them) 16 in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.

Gentiles who are without the law will perish if they do not believe in Christ. Jews who had the law will also perish if they do not believe in Christ. Hearing the law will not justify but keeping the law will justify but no one is not able to keep the law. Everyone is a law breaker. Gentiles who did not have the law cannot claim ignorance because they have a conscience to tell them right from wrong. For the Gentiles, the law is written in their hearts through their conscience. Gentiles who did not have the law can still do right by following their conscience. On the day of judgment, God will judge the secrets thoughts and deeds of everyone through Jesus Christ.

Matthew 23:27, “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but inside are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness’’

VV 17-20, 17 Indeed you are called a Jew and rest on the law, and make your boast in God, 18 and know His will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, 19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and truth in the law.

The Jews boasts that they had instructions of the Mosaic law, know God’s will and were confident to guide, direct, and teach the Gentiles who did not know the law.

VV 21-23, 21 You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal? 22 You who say, “Do not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23 You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law?

Scribes and Pharisees taught people to keep the law but they themselves broke the law by stealing, adultery, idol worship, etc. They boast in the law but dishonor God by breaking the law.

V 24, For “the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,” as it is written.

Scribes and Pharisees blasphemed God’s name among the Gentiles. Paul quoted Isaiah 52:5 b, ‘’And all day long my name is constantly blasphemed’’.

VV 25- 27, 25 For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26 Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? 27 And will not the physically uncircumcised if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law?

Circumcision is nullified when the law is broken. An uncircumcised Gentile who do right according to conscience is better than a circumcised Jew who breaks the law. Circumcision without an inward change of heart is hypocritical.

VV 28-29, 28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; V 29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.

True circumcised is a spiritual heart transformation, an inward change of heart attitude. Paul in Galatians speaks of a war of the flesh with the Holy Spirit. Spiritual circumcision is the act of cutting the flesh from the Spirit, freeing the flesh from the Spirit.

Deut 10:16, ‘’Therefore circumcise the foreskin of your heart, and be stiff-necked no longer’’.

Galatians 5:17, ‘’For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another so that you do not do the things that you wish’’.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for speaking the truth to us through the words of Paul. We pray for a spiritual heart transformation and a change of heart attitude. Thank You for Your timely and life changing message to every generation, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Romans, Lesson 5

Lesson 5

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omans 2: 1-11, God’s wrath against the religious and self-righteous.

Romans 1:18-31 is God’s indictment on the ungodly, immoral, and unrighteous Gentiles. Romans 2:1-11 is God’s indictment on the self-righteous, religious, and hypocritical Jewish leaders, the scribes and Pharisees.

VV 1-3, 1 Therefore, you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. 2 But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things. 3 And do you think this, O man, you who judge those practicing such things, and doing the same, that you will escape the judgment of God?

Turning to the scribes and Pharisees, Paul said, by judging people of the first group, they were condemning themselves because they practiced the same things. They had no right to judge others because they themselves were under God’s judgement.

John 8:7, So when they continued asking Him, He raised Himself up and said to them, “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.”

V 4, Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?

Greek for long-suffering is “makrothumia” which means patience. Greek word for forbearance is “anoche” which means to delay. The scribes and Pharisees despise the grace, goodness, and patience of God in delaying and withholding judgment.

VV 5-11, 5 But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, 6 who “will render to each one according to his deeds”, 7 eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality; 8 but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness—indignation and wrath, 9 tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek; 10 but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 11 For there is no partiality with God.

God will judge them for their unrepentant attitude and hardness of heart. God will reward everyone according to their deeds, glory, honour, and peace with eternal life for those who seek after God’s glory. God will judge those who are self seeking, evil, and unrighteous, with punishment and eternal death. The gospel is for the Jews first and after that the Gentiles.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, we acknowledged that we are sinners in need of salvation. We pray that those who do not know You as their Lord and Saviour will repent and come back to You. We pray that You will give us soft, sensitive, repentant, and obedient hearts. In Jesus’ name, Amen.

Romans, Lesson 4

Lesson 4

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omans 1: 18-31, God’s wrath against the ungodly, immoral, irreligious.

VV 18-23, 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, 19 because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it to them. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, 21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man—and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things.

Greek for wrath is “orge” which means God’s anger and hostility. God revealed His wrath from heaven against all ungodly and unrighteous people who suppressed God’s truth. Since God had revealed His invisible attributes to mankind through creation, no one cannot claim ignorance as an excuse for not believing in Him. Although they knew God, they did not glorify Him, their thoughts were futile, their hearts were darkened, and their actions were foolish. Instead of worshipping God, the creator, they worshiped birds, animals, and creeping things.

VV 24-27, 24 Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves, 25 who exchanged the truth of God for the lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen. 26 For this reason God gave them up to vile passions. For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. 27 Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due.

God gave up on these people for their uncleanness, lusts, and vile passion Instead of believing in the truth of God, they believe in deception. Instead of worshiping the Creator God, they worship creatures and created things. Women and men practices homosexual activities without shame or remorse. Because of their unrepentant, God gave them up.

1 John 3:36, ‘’He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”

VV 28-32, 28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased mind, to do those things which are not fitting; 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, sexual immorality, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil-mindedness; they are whisperers, 30 backbiters, haters of God, violent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, unforgiving, unmerciful; 32 who, knowing the righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things are deserving of death, not only do the same but also approve of those who practice them.

Since they did not pursue to know God, He allowed them to remain in a debased mind, and continue to practice all the sinful things in verses 30-32. God is righteous to punish such people with death.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for Your love, mercy, grace, and patience. Thank You for not giving up on us. Thank You for saving us, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Romans, lesson 3

Lesson 3

Romans 1: 16-17, justification by faith, Part 1.

VV 1-17, 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.”

Paul was not ashamed of the gospel because it is the power of God to save lives, first to the Jews and then to the Gentiles. The gospel revealed God’s righteousness and justification is by faith in Jesus Christ. Pail quoted Habakuk 2:4, “Behold the proud, His soul is not upright in him, but the just shall live by his faith”.

1 Cor 1:18, ‘’For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God’’.

Romans 3:21-24, ‘’But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus’’.

Romans 10:9, ‘’if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved’’.

Romans 1:17 was one of the verses that converted Martin Luther from an Augustinian Monk to a protestant reformer in the 15th centrury.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for the gospel of Jesus Christ. Thank You for salvation and justification by grace through faith in Christ. We pray for empowerment and boldness to share the gospel with others. In Jesus’ name, Amen.

Romans, lesson 2

Lesson 2

Romans 1: 8-15., Paul’s prayer

VV 8-9, “8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers,

Paul thanked God for the faithfulness of the Romans Christians, praying for them persistently and continuously.

VV 10-13, 10 making request if, by some means, now, at last, I may find a way in the will of God to come to you. 11 For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, so that you may be established, 12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me. 13 Now I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that I often planned to come to you (but was hindered until now), that I might have some fruit among you also, just as among the other Gentiles

Paul prayed that God would allow him to visit Rome in person to impart spiritual gifts, teach, preach, minister, and encourage them. Paul wanted to visit Rome but his plan had not materialize yet.

V 14-15, 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise. 15 So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also”.

Realizing God’s grace on his life, Paul acknowledged a debt of gratitude to everyone, Greeks and barbarians, the wise and the unwise. Greek for barbarians is “barbaros” which means non-Greek speaking foreigners. He was ready to preach the gospel to them.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You that the gospel is God’s power of salvation for everyone who believes in Jesus Christ. Thank You for the universal scope of the gospel message, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Romans, lesson 1

Lesson 1

Romans 1: 1-7, Introduction, Gospel, Grace, and Peace.

According to Romans 1:1, Paul is the author of Romans. He wrote this book during his third missionary journey in Corinth in AD 56. According to Romans 1:7, his audience were the Christians in Rome, whom had had not met before. Paul expounded the foundational doctrines of Christianity in this book. The theme of this book is the righteousness of God.

V1, 1 Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God

Paul, the author of Romans, was a bond servant of Jesus Christ. Greek for bond servant is “doulos”. which means slave. Paul was an apostle of Jesus Christ. Greek for apostle is “apostolos”, which means a messenger. Paul was separated to preach the gospel of God. Greek for separated is “chorizo”, which means to set apart.

V2, which He promised before through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures

The gospel of God had been prophesied by prophets in the Holy Bible.

V3-4, 3 concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, 4 and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection form the dead.

The gospel is about Jesus Christ, the Son of God. Greek for gospel is “euaggelion”, which means good news. It is the good news concerning Jesus Christ, a descendant from the lineage of David. God, the Father declared Jesus Christ, His Son, and resurrected Him by the power of the Holy Spirit.

V5, Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

We have received grace and peace form God the Father, through Jesus Christ. Grace precedes peace. Before justification, we faced the wrath of God. After justification by grace and reconciliation with God and we received the peace from God, the peace with God and the peace of God.

V 6-7, 6 among whom you are also the called of Jesus Christ. 7 To all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints. Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Paul addressed his audience, and us, beloved of God and saints. Greek for saints is “hagios”, which means consecrated, holy, or sanctified. In Pauline theology, all Christians are saints. Paul pronounced grace and peace to us from God the Father and Jesus Christ.

Prayer:

Father, thank You the gospel of Jesus Christ, the good news for all mankind irrespective of race, social class, geographical location, and times. Thank You for the gift of salvation and eternal life, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Romans 8: 31-34

Day 21

Romans 8: 31-34, Four Questions

VV 31-34, 31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things? 33 Who shall bring a charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. 34 Who is he who condemns? It is Christ who died, and furthermore is also risen, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.

Paul used an imaginary critique to asked him 4 rhetorical questions and he answered all of them.

First Question: v 31, ”what then shall say to these things?” What things? All the things preceding Romans 8: 31, i.e. wrath of God, grace of God, etc. How do we respond to these? We do what it says.

Second Question: v 32, ”If God is for us, who can be against us?” God is for us because He declared no condemnation on us, justified us, adopted us into Sonship, santcified us, etc. If God is for us, who cares who is against us? Martin Luther said, ” with God, one is a majority”.

Third Question: v 33, ”who shall bring a charge against God’s elect?” If ever we begin to doubt the love of God, look back to the cross. On the cross, God did not even spare his Only Son. This is an argument from greater to lesser. If God gave us His Only Son, He can give us anything. If God gave us His best, He will give us the rest.

Fourth Question: v 34, ”Who is he who condemns?” Our own heart can condemn us. But God said in Romans 8:1, ”there is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus”. Satan condemned us. Rev 12:10 b, ” for the accuser of our brothers and sisters, who accuses them before our God day and night, has been hurled down”. But God justified us. John Newton said, ” I am a great sinner but Jesus is a great saviour”. Jesus died so that we can live. This is the final answer.

Prayer:
Heavenly Father, thank You for Jesus, Your final answer. You gave us Your Son to die for us on the cross to give us eternal life, in Jesus’ name, Amen.