Memoirs of Dr. Andrew C. S. Koh, chapter 3

Chapter 3

Medical Undergraduate and houseman-ship, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur

“A dream, all a dream, that ends in nothing, and leaves the sleeper where he lay down, but I wish you to know that you inspired it.” Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities.

The next 6 years of my life was spent in Kuala Lumpur, the big capital city of Malaysia, 5 years as a medical student in the University of Malaya Medical Faculty, and 1 year as a houseman in the University Hospital, now known as University of Malaya Medical Centre.

I started my career in medicine in July 1977 as an undergraduate student. It was a 5-year course followed by a 1 year as a houseman-ship. The childhood ambition of my life finally came true like a dream! As far as I could remember, I had always wanted to be a medical doctor. I thought this would give me a stable career, a better quality of life, and hopefully a stable source of income. I would be able to help people who are sick, to render assistance, relieve pain, relieve suffering, relieve anxieties, and so on. My opportunity to do all these had finally arrived, thanks be to God, who always had my interest at heart and always had me covered.

For the first two years, I stayed in a residential college called the 1st College as this was the nearest college to the Faculty of Medicine. It was just a matter of 30 minutes walk up a long and winding road, but traveling by motorbike would only take 10 minutes. After 1 week of orientation, we were ready to attend classes. On the first day, the Dean of Medicine, Emeritus Professor TJ Danaraj addressed the class of 72-77 in the grand clinical auditorium. The first words he said were, “Medicine is a life long course, it is never 5 years in a medical school”. He went on to say that what we learn would be obsolete the moment we graduated. He was right and this turned out to be true.

He said a doctor should never stop learning because medical knowledge progressed rapidly and doctors had to keep up with new knowledge and new skills to keep up to date to practice safely. A doctor is like a pilot. If a pilot stops flying and did not clock in the required number of flying hours he would be grounded.

I remembered he also said, “If you want to make plenty of money please go and do another course right now’’. Medicine is both a calling and a passion. Without this two ingredients, it would be very difficult to pursue this career.

Professor Danaraj was very knowledgeable but also very strict. He was a very respectable clinician and academician not only in Malaysia but was also worldwide. We were very blessed to be taught by him.

The medical school curriculum was divided into 2 modules. The first 2 years was the preclinical module where we were taught the basic sciences, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, parasitology, pathology, clinical pharmacology, public health, statistics and so. The subsequent 3 years was the clinical module when we started to clerk patients in the wards and learned the art and science of medical practice under the guidance and teachings from the lecturers and professors.

The preclinical years were quite boring as we had to study a lot of basic sciences and were not allowed to interact with patients in the hospital. It seemed irrelevant at the time but this was not true. Without the basic prerequisite knowledge to us back up, interacting with patients would be dangerous. The pre-clinical years builds up a strong basic foundation needed to understand and practice the art and science of medicine. After surviving the first 2 years, I moved on to the next 3 years of the clinical module.

Our batch was very fortunate to have world-class eminent clinicians like Prof. TJ Danaraj and others of his caliber to teach us the art and skill of medicine. Prof. TJ D told us not to refer to any patient as case 1, case 2, and so forth. Behind every case is a person, a human being with a name, and a soul. They were not to be referred to as case number such and such. Empathy, compassion, kindness, the right attitude, and good bedside manners go a long way.

I remembered those clinical case conferences taught by Prof. TJ D in the clinical auditorium. One student will be selected to present a case to the class in front of him. There would be tension in the room as the poor student at centre stage presents the case, terrified, expecting to be scolded and torn apart by the barrage of questions that followed. Even those who did not present the case would be equally terrified, especially those sitting in the front rows, expecting to be hauled by Prof. TJD anytime. Even those who kept quiet would be hauled up for not asking intelligent questions.

Then there were the teaching rounds with Prof TJ D in the wards. Ever so often, he made a spot diagnosis just by looking at the patient without even taking a history or doing a physical examination. He made spot diagnoses of patients with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, end-stage renal failure, and so forth. He taught us the importance of observation before palpation. He taught us to use all our 5 senses of observing, hearing, smelling, touching, and feeling to make a diagnosis. A good history and a good physical examination is also the key to making a diagnosis.

On one particular teaching ward-round, a patient with Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease (CRHD) was presented. Palpating the character of the pulse, observing the JVP waveform, locating the position of the apex beat, palpating the precordium for thrills, and palpating the liver size would be sufficient for him to arrive at the diagnosis. Auscultation using the stethoscope was only required for him to confirm the diagnosis. The clinical acumen of Prof. TJD was hard to match. Besides cardiology, he also was a neurologist par excellence. I was also amazed by his ability to elicit clinical signs in neurology.

Medicine is both an art and a science. They say you can train a monkey to be an engineer but you cannot train a monkey to be a doctor.

My life as a medical student was not very dramatic or colourful by any stretch of the imagination. The preclinical years were very demanding. There were lectures to attend, practical work to do in the biochemistry laboratory, and practical work at the anatomy dissection room. The class was divided into small groups for anatomy classes and each group was assigned one cadaver. Seeing a cadaver for the first time was not so frightening after all. The cadaver had been preserved with some kind of embalming fluids to prevent decomposition. The smell of embalming fluids in the anatomy room very strong and irritating to the eyes. The professor of anatomy told us to respect the cadavers because they were there for us to learn anatomy. After every dissection, the cadaver gets smaller and smaller until there would be nothing left. Each group became closely knitted and built up a relationship over the year.

There was a Christian fellowship group in my class. These are my Christian classmates about 10 or 12 of them. Although I was a free thinker, they invited me to join them in their weekly fellowship and other activities. They shared the gospel with me, gave me a Christian book to take home, and even prayed for me. In my last spring cleaning, I found this book with autographs and a message. My Christian friends were very helpful, reliable, honest, respectful, and good role models. Through their influences, I came to know about the Christian faith. I also got to join the activities of the Varsity Christian Fellowship, (VCF) and made friends with some of my seniors who are Christians and members of VCF. In the 4th year of my study, I became a Christian through the sharing of one VCF member who visited me in my room when I was in the middle of a situational life crisis.

I have one classmate whom I am particularly fond of. He was a top scholar from Sarawak and had long beards. We called him “janggut’, which means beard in Bahasa Malaysia. He was a good role model too and we spent quality time and did many things together through the years.

For the last 3 clinical years, I moved to the clinical student hostel, CSH, which was within walking distance from the medical school and the University Hospital. This was very much nearer than the first residential college. Life in the CSH was interesting. Students played volleyball, tennis, and sepak takraw in the evening. Some of my classmates played mahjong until late into the night even during the examinations but still end up with distinction and top of the class. Some of my classmates were very rich and drove brand new BMWs while most of the Professors were driving very old Volvos or Peugeots.

I was not a very good student. I found the medical course challenging. There were plenty of things to read, remember, memorise, and understand. By the grace of God, I managed to pass all my examinations and graduated with MBBS (Malaya) in 1977. In those days, due to a shortage of doctors, medical graduates were required to start houseman-ship immediately passing the final year examination. But to negotiate for a pay increase, our class refused to start houseman-ship immediately. This initiative forced the government to increase the houseman-ship salary from RM 850 to RM 1150. After 12 months of houseman-ship in the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur before I was finally registered with the Malaysian Medical Council with a license to practice medicine in Malaysia. Some people called this a license to kill. Don’t ever believe this! Life is sacred. The Hippocratic oath says, “Above all, do no harm”.

After graduation, the MU Class of 72-77 still kept in touch and met regularly through WhatsApp and Reunions. Initially, we had reunions once every 5 years but for the last 5 years, this had become a yearly affair. The last annual reunion was held successfully in Singapore, hosted by our Singapore classmates. A reunion was planned to be held in Ipoh in 2020 but unfortunately, this event had to be canceled due to the COVID 19 pandemic. We hope that with the availability of the vaccine, this will pandemic be over sooner rather than later.

To be continued…..

Memoirs of Dr. Andrew C. S. Koh, chapter 2

Form 6 in Telok Intan:

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.” Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities

The next chapter of my life landed me in a town called Telok Intan. I spent two years of my life in Telok Intan from 1970 to 1971 to pursue an upper secondary education in the Horley Methodist Secondary School, HMSS. This was a 2-year course, the first year, lower form 6 and second year, upper form 6.

Telok Intan is a medium-sized town in the Lower Perak district of Perak with a total population of 128,179 in 2016. The town was first called Telok Mak Intan, which means Mak Bay, but was later changed to Telok Anson which means Anson Bay. After the third name change in 1982, it is now known as Telok Intan which means Diamond Bay. This is a predominantly agricultural-based township with many unique colonial buildings and home to the famous leaning tower of Telok Intan, a pagoda-shaped building with a clock tower frontage, standing proudly at 25.5 meters, and slanting leftward. This is the Malaysian equivalent of world-famous Italy’s Leaning Tower of Pisa.

In the first year, I stayed with the family of my aunt, my mother’s younger sister but I shifted out to a homestay with another family in the second year in search of freedom, independence, and autonomy.

HMSS had a long history dating back to 1899. It was founded by the Reverend W. E. Horley, who also founded the Anglo Chinese School, Ipoh, in 1895. HMSS provided me with a good overall pre University education. The teachers were very friendly, respectable, knowledgeable, helpful, and dedicated. About ten classmates from MES Tanjong Malim went on to HMSS Telok Intan. Some girls students from Convent School Telok Intan also joined HMSS for Form 6.

My memories were also failing me here. I don’t remember very much of the time in Telok Intan. I was a School Prefect and President of the 6th Form society. Among other things, we published monthly newsletters and yearly magazines. My best friend in Telok Intan was a student one year my junior. He was a top student from Bidor who joined HMSS in 1971. We were roommates in the same homestay. He was quite a joker, tall, fair, handsome, and intelligent. We did a lot of things together. Printing newsletters, playing games, cycling, listening to music, doing outdoor activities, and so on. By now, I have passed the age for tops, marbles, catapult, fighting fish, and spiders. These were the things I did in primary school.

In those days, we did not have internet, mobile phones, tablets, e-mail, WhatsApp, Google, and so forth. We communicated directly person to person, and face to face. We had more human interactions. We did not have to make prior appointments. All meetings are more or less ad-hoc and spontaneous. I still enjoyed playing the guitar but was not involved in any band. I did not join the Boy Scout movement in HMSS. I practiced Take Kwan Do in the evening and played some games but did not excel in sports or athletics. However, I was a good and conscientious student, did well in my studies, and was one of the top students.

I remembered one tragic incident in 1970 when one of my classmates committed suicide by hanging himself in his house. He suffered from depression but did not seek medical advice. A few weeks earlier, he shared with me that he was a failure, was unpopular, was not good in studies, and was voted into any positions in any society. He said he envied my popularity and wished he could be in my shoe. He also had a look of sadness and depression on his face. A few days before the incident, he was seen walking around the neighborhood carrying some ropes with him. The whole school was shocked when it happened. Nobody, including me, expected that he would take his own life. All the telltale signs were there. In hindsight, I should be more caring and should have taken him to seek medical advice. This could have prevented the tragedy, but it was too late.

There was a classmate who had become a Christian in HMSS Telok Intan. He was friendly, honest, caring, and warm, a good role model. He shared the gospel and the love of God with me. He invited me to Christian fellowships. I attended some of these meetings, enjoyed the sharing, friendship, and refreshments.

I also remembered one of my classmates, who developed schizophrenia in the second year. He became more and more psychotic, could not continue his study and had to leave the school.

I liked the annual nature study outings organised by a lady science class teacher. One year, she took us to an island resort called Pulau Sembilan for a nature study outing. We spent 3 days and 2 nights to study the fauna and flora of the island resort. It was a most memorable trip. I remembered I was stung by a jellyfish and one of my legs was swollen but I recovered quite fast and uneventfully.

Being a poor student I needed extra income to finance my study. I was thinking of giving private tuitions. Then one day, a nice girl from the Convent School approached me and asked me whether I wanted to give private home tuition to a Form 4 student. I said yes and that was how I started to give tuition to the girl for 2 years. Little did I know that this girl would eventually become my wife.

My time in Telok Intan culminated in the Higher School Certificate Examination, HSCE. The result of this examination would determine whether one will make it to university or not. I did very well in the HSCE and was able to enter the reputable Medical School at the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur the following year. I was also awarded a Perak State Scholarship that will pay all my tuition fees and cost of living allowances for the whole 5 years duration of my course. The scholarship was God sent. My parents were poor and could not afford to finance my University education. Even though I was still a free thinker at that time, God provided for me through the scholarship. God’s providence was at work in my life. I remembered one of the interviewers for the scholarship interview was my father’s friend, who was a member of the Parliament of Tanjong Malim. During the interview, he was very friendly and gentle and put me at ease. He asked very simple questions that I would have no difficulty in answering!

to be continued……..